Lucidity Letter - December 1981 - Vol. 1, No. 1

Lucidity Letter

1.      Relationship Between Alpha Waves & Lucidity1

              Harry Hunt and Robert Ogilvie

2.      Negative Ions May Induce Lucidity`- 1

              Tom Adler

3.      Sex Differences In Lucid Dreaming Incidence - 2

              Jayne Gackenbach

4.      Lucid Dreams Content - 2

              Jayne Gackenbach

5.      Switching on a Light - 2

               Keith Hearne

6.      General Information - 3

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Relationship Between Alpha Waves and Lucidity

 “We are very pleased by a preliminary data analysis of lab awakenings from high and low alpha REM, with subjects selected as lucid dreamers and given instruc­tions for lucidity, fist clenching as concurrent signaling, and some biofeedback training. It does now look as if reports from high alpha REM under these circum­stances are significantly more likely to be prelucid or fully lucid. We also have evidence that our entire sample responded with dream content patterns and Green—type lucidity aspects quite different from a previous non lucid laboratory sample. Within our present sample we also have some interesting differences in form of dream experience among lucid, prelucid and non lucid arousals. More precise cor­relating of various physiological indices and psychological content remains to be done, but it does look as though we have confirmed our pilot observations suggesting physiological parallels between the states of meditation and lucid dreaming—supported by the experiential similarities as set out by Coleman, Chang, and our own comparisons of lucidity accounts and certain forms of insight meditation. Such a coming together of phenomenological and physiological criteria is really exciting (5/13/81).”


Dr. Marry Runt and

Dr. Robert Ogilvie

Department of Psychology

St. Catharines

Ontario, Canada L2S 3A1


Lucidity Letter Back Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, December, 1981, page 1.

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Negative Ions May Induce Lucidity


“An attempt to determine it an environment containing 104 negative ions per cubic centimeter would promote lucidity yielded negative results:


            Lucid Dreams                Non—Lucid Dreams        Total


Control          31                              157                188

Ionized          22                               91                113


Totals           53                             248                301



X2 = 0.37, df  = 1, p < 0.85, therefore accept null hypothesis.


However, one experiment using one hundred times this concentration of negative ions suggests that the 104 concentration may have been too low to show results. In February, 1979, I purchased a new negative ion generator, the Energaire, which had about twice the output as my old one, the Modulion, and was much more compact. I decided to place this generator much closer, about six inches from my head, to give a concentration of 106 ions/cc and to place my head in a fairly intense electric field. In the morning I had three lucid dreams in a row, each followed by real awakenings! This experience left me in a very ‘spaced—out’ condition for over a week, although I continued to function fairly normally. During that week I had a strong feeling that everything was somehow interconnected and that the normally perceived separateness of things was an illusion. At night I could feel the palpable presence of invisible entitles hovering in the room and this made me very uncomfortable. Some Buddhists suggested to me that I was just having a regular old mystical experience, but that I was fighting it. This may well be the case. Gradually the condition faded and was little more than a memory two weeks later. In retrospect, I might interpret the experience as the dream conscious­ness having persistently interpenetrated waking consciousness, kind of an inverse lucidity. This experience was so unsettling that I have not yet had the courage to repeat it. Perhaps it was an exercise in electro—shamanism! (6/8/81).”

Tom Adler

1307 Bonita Avenue

Berkeley, California 94709


Lucidity Letter Back Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, December, 1981, page 1.

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Sex Differences in Lucid Dreaming Incidence


John Palmer wrote in 1980, that, “females were slightly more likely than males to have lucid dreams in both sub—samples, but the differences were not significant



Both Hearne and Gackenbach have found this difference to be significant in their student samples.


Lucidity Letter Back Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, December, 1981, page 2.

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Lucid Dreams Content


Most work on the content of these dreams has failed to control for individual differences in dream recall. Recently completed analysis of covariance with dream recall as the covariant indicates that previously reported differences between lucid and nonlucid dreams in terms of their perceptual qualities (i.e., vision, color, hearing, etc.) failed to emerge. Interestingly, these covariance analyses demonstrated that lucid dreams are a primarily cognitively realistic phenomena. Relatedly, the highest incidence of lucid dreams (I.e., 300 college students reported dreams weekly for 16 weeks) occurred as a result of the “dream— like” quality of the dream and not as a result of nightmares.

Gackenbach, 1981


Lucidity Letter Back Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, December, 1981, page 2.

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Switching on a Light


Keith Hearne writes that he has found that lucid dreamers report that they cannot "switch on a light" in a lucid dream. He notes, "to clarify my point about the 'switching on a light' in a lucid dream, I mean that the total level of imagery (i.e., probably its total brightness) cannot be exceeded by deliberate control. It can be reduced and then increased to the previous level, but not increreased above the maximum level at the time. The level varies over time - some scenes are dark, others light (11/10/80)."

Dr. Keith Hearne
Department of Psychology
The University, Hull
England HU6 7RY


Lucidity Letter Back Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, December, 1981, page 2.




1. Workshops and Therapy — Three lucidity researchers have communicated to me that they have

    developed either workshops or therapy methods using lucidity. They are: Dr. Judith Malamud, 2555

    Bainbridge Avenue, Apt. 6B, Bronx, N.Y. 10458; Joe Dane, 2331 Highland Avenue,

    Charlottesville, Virginia, 22903; and Dr. Stephen LaBerge, Sleep Research Center, Stanford

    University Medical Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305.


 2. Dream Machines — Keith Hearne and Bill Sergio are both reportedly in the process

     of bringing out a dream machine. That is, a device to induce lucid dreams. Hopefully, both will be

     available by the first of the year. Sergio can be contacted at Bodyscience, Inc., 801 Second Avenue,

     Suite 705, New York, N.Y. 10017.


3. Books — Peter Fellows, Stephen LaBerge and Keith Herne all report books in progress on dream lucidity. Dr. Norton Schatzman

    writes that he has recently edited and written an introduction to a translation he commissioned of Hervey de Saint Denys’s classic

    Les Reves et Les Moyens de Les Diriger (Dreams and the Means of Directing Them). It will be published soon.


4.Unpublished Survey Data —   Dr. Richard Kohr, Dr. Werner Karle, Dr. Keith

   Hearne, and myself have all recently conducted research surveys on various populations (i.e., A.R.E. members, American general

   population, English general populations, and college students) where information about lucid dreaming was gathered. Results from all

   of these surveys are forthcoming.


5. TV Specials — Stephen LaBerge reports that two television specials on dream lucidity are in the

    works, one in the United States and one in England.


Lucidity Letter Back Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, December, 1981, page 3.

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